Religious Festivals

Religion is an integral part of Ethiopian life and culture and is celebrated with impressive ceremonies, traditional dress, music and dancing providing a blanket of colorful expression across the country.


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Geology

The Ethiopian Highlands began to rise 75 million years ago, as magma from the Earth's mantle uplifted a broad dome of the ancient rocks of the African Crafton. The opening of the Great Rift Valley split the dome of the Ethiopian Highlands into three parts; the mountains of the southern Arabian Peninsula are geologically part of the ancient Ethiopian Highlands, separated by the rifting which created the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden and separated Africa from Arabia.

Around 30 million years ago, a flood basalt plateau began to form, piling layers upon layers of voluminous fissure-fed basaltic lava flows. Most of the flows were tholeiitic balts, save for a thin la in the waning stages of the flood basalt episode, large explosive caldera-forming eruptions also occurred.

The Ethiopian Highlands were eventually bisected by the Great Rift Valley as the African continental crust pulled apart. This rifting gave rise to large alkaline basalt shield volcanoes beginning about 30-31 million years ago.

HISTORICAL PLACES

Ethiopia, the ancient Christian kingdom, richest historical and cultural heritage in sub-Saharan Africa,

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NATURAL ATTRACTION

Climatic variations and the isolated forbidding nature of her highlands have made Ethiopia a unique habitat

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PEOPLES AND CULTURE

Culturally Southern Ethiopia is extraordinarily rich with some 45 languages spoken by people of

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